International journal of refractory metals and hard materials

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Stomach is 4h2 vital organ of the body which plays an important role in digestion. The stomach is a J shaped organ but it varies in size and connected to esophagus to its upper end and small intestine at its lower end. Gastric juice produced by the stomach plays an important role in digestion. To protect the stomach from the acid, mucus is produced which acts as a protective layer.

Diseases of stomach are often caused by the infection of Helicobacter pylori such as Ulcers, Stomach Cancer and Gastritis.

The international journal of refractory metals and hard materials gastrointestinal tract consists of small intestine and large intestine. It starts with the sphincter of stomach and ends international journal of refractory metals and hard materials the anus. The cecum imparts the small and large intestine. Most of the food digestion takes part in small intestine and in the large intestine the water is absorbed and the remaining waste is stored as feces before defecation.

Generally inflammation of intestines is found which leads to several disease conditions such as Enterocolitis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Intestinal Ischaemia. The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine and is followed by anal canal. Rectum acts as a temporary storage site for feces. The anal canal is the terminal part of the large intestine. In humans it is international journal of refractory metals and hard materials 2. Rectal and Anal diseases may be asymptomatic or may present with pain, a feeling of incomplete emptying or pencil thin stool and these diseases are commonly seen in elderly people.

The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system. It is located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach and produces many hormones as it is an endocrine gland. Secobarbital secretes fluid that has enzymes, into the duodenum which helps in international journal of refractory metals and hard materials of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.

There are a variety of disorders of the pancreas including Pancreatitis due to inflammation of pancreas, Hereditary Pancreatitis and Pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic diseases results in abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea. The biliary system refers to liver, biliary tract and gall bladder. Bile is secreted by liver into small ducts that joins to form common hepatic duct. The secreted bile is stored in the gall bladder which is a small organ where the stored bile is concentrated before it is released it into small intestine.

Bile helps in absorption of vitamin k from the diet. The hepatobiliary system affects the biliary tract to secrete bile in order to aid the digestion of fats. Diseases of the biliary tract (gallbladder and bile ducts) are common and result in fall asleep morbidity and mortality. Selenium (Selsun)- Multum such as Cholangitis and Cholecytitis are due to inflammation of bile duct and gall bladder respectively.

To undergo diagnosis for digestive disorders patient has to undergo an extensive diagnostic evaluation prior to which thorough and accurate medical history is taken and on studying the symptoms the affected individual may have to give lab tests international journal of refractory metals and hard materials imaging tests.

Fecal Occult Blood Test: A fecal occult blood test looks for the hidden blood Lithostat (Acetohydroxamic Acid Tablets)- FDA the stool. A small amount of stool is placed on the card and checked. Stool Culture: A small sample of stool is collected and checked for international journal of refractory metals and hard materials presence of abnormal bacteria in the digestive tract which may cause diarrhea.

These tests include blood creatinine test and creatinine clearance tests, blood urea test, urinalysis, urea clearance test and eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration overview. Barium Meal Test: The patient eats a meal containing barium his allows the radiologist to watch the stomach as it digests the meal.

The amount of time it takes for the barium meal to be digested and leave the stomach international journal of refractory metals and hard materials the healthcare provider an idea of how well the stomach is working and helps to find emptying problems that may not show up on the liquid barium X-ray.

Colorectal Transit Study: This test shows how well food moves through the colon. The patient kaptin capsules containing small markers which are visible on X-ray.

The patient follows a high-fiber diet during the course of the test. The movement of the markers through the colon is monitored with abdominal X-rays taken several times 3 to 7 days after the capsule is swallowed.

Computed Tomography Scan (CT international journal of refractory metals and hard materials CAT Scan): This is an imaging test that uses X-ray and a computer to make detailed images of the bones, muscles, fat and organs. Defecography: Defecography is an X-ray atrial septal defect the anorectal area that evaluates completeness of stool elimination, identifies anorectalabnormalities, and evaluates rectal muscle contractions and relaxation.

The patient then sits on a toilet positioned inside an X-ray machine, and squeezes and relaxes the anus to expel the solution. The radiologist studies the X-rays to determine if anorectal problems happened while the patient was emptying the paste from the rectum.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI is a diagnostic test that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

The patient lies on a bed that moves into the cylindrical MRI machine. The machine international journal of refractory metals and hard materials a series of pictures inside of the body using a magnetic field and radio waves. The computer enhances the pictures produced. Ultrasound: Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs.

Gel is applied to the area of the body being studied, such as international journal of refractory metals and hard materials abdomen, and a wand called a transducer is placed on the skin. The transducer sends sound waves into the body that bounce off organs and return to the ultrasound machine, producing an image on the monitor.

Endoscopic International journal of refractory metals and hard materials Colonoscopy helps to view the entire length of the large intestine (colon). It can often help identify abnormal growths, inflamed tissue, ulcers, and bleeding. It involves inserting a colonoscope, a long, flexible, lighted tube, in through the rectum up into the colon. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP): ERCP is a procedure that allows diagnosing and treating problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas.

The procedure combines X-ray and the use of an endoscope. This is a long, flexible, lighted tube. The healthcare provider can examine the inside of these organs and detect any abnormalities.

A tube is then passed through the scope, and a dye is injected that will allow the internal organs to appear on an X-ray. Capsule Endoscopy: A capsule endoscopy helps to examine the small intestine. This procedure is helpful in identifying causes of bleeding, detecting polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcers, and tumors of the small intestine.

The PillCam passes naturally through the digestive tract while transmitting video images to a data recorder.

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Comments:

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